Abstract: Environmental factors such as channel noise and hardware fingerprints affect the encryption effect of physical layer key generation techniques, resulting in low consistency of generated keys. Feature pre-processing is a common means of improving consistency of keys. However, most of the existing feature pre-processing algorithms improve key consistency by sacrificing key generation rate, which is not very usable. Therefore, it is proposed a physical layer key generation method based on SVD pre-processing. This method uses the SVD feature processing algorithm to pre-process the channel features extracted from both sides of the communication before quantization, in order to simultaneously improve key consistency and key generation rate. The simulation results show that when the channel SNR is greater than 10 dB, the BER of the SVD scheme is significantly lower compared to the scheme without pre-processing and the DCT and PCA pre-processing schemes; when the SNR is greater than 20 dB, the SVD scheme KGR can reach a level of 10bit/s, which is significantly higher than the other three schemes. The results show that this scheme can significantly increase the key generation rate while effectively improving key consistency.
Zehui Liu State Grid Shanxi Electric Power Research Institute, Taiyuan 030001, China
Min Guo State Grid Shanxi Electric Power Research Institute, Taiyuan 030001, China
Yun Ju North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China