October marks the commencement of Cybersecurity Awareness Month, a global initiative aimed at fostering a safer digital landscape. As we delve into the nuances of online safety, it’s crucial to recognise areas that often remain in the shadows, despite their growing significance. One such area is API security.
While the National Cybersecurity Alliance provides invaluable insights on general online safety, the narrative often overlooks the intricate world of APIs. Given the data from Traceable’s Global State of API Security report, it’s evident that our collective cybersecurity awareness, particularly concerning API security, is not where it should be.
The Silent Expansion of the Attack Surface
APIs, initially the unsung heroes of digital transformation, have transitioned from being mere facilitators to becoming the linchpins of modern business operations. They enable a myriad of functionalities, from seamless integration and data sharing to crafting enhanced user experiences. Their role in connecting disparate systems, bridging data silos, and enabling rapid innovation cannot be understated.
However, with this centralisation comes a double-edged sword. The very features that make APIs invaluable – their openness, accessibility, and flexibility – also make them vulnerable. As businesses deploy more APIs to cater to diverse needs, the digital terrain they must safeguard grows exponentially. This isn’t just a theoretical expansion; it’s a tangible increase in the number of potential entry points for malicious actors.
The report sheds light on this burgeoning challenge. A significant 58% of organisations acknowledge that APIs amplify the attack surface. But what does this expansion entail? It means that traditional security perimeters are no longer adequate. The boundaries have shifted, and now, they encompass a vast web of APIs, each interacting with multiple endpoints, both internal and external.
This silent expansion is not just about numbers; it’s about complexity. APIs interact in multifaceted ways, often spanning across organisational boundaries, cloud environments, and third-party platforms. Ensuring the security of each interaction, each data transaction, and each user request becomes a Herculean task.
Moreover, the risks associated with this expanded attack surface aren’t always immediately evident. They can be latent, only manifesting when a savvy attacker exploits a vulnerability. This is the crux of the challenge: the silent nature of this expansion means that many organisations might be unaware of the lurking threats until it’s too late.
The API Landscape: A Web of Interactions
The diverse nature of APIs used by organisations underscores the dynamic nature of contemporary businesses. From Open APIs (32%), Public APIs (31%), to Private APIs (30%), and even Third-party APIs (15%), the landscape is vast. Each type of API, while facilitating specific functionalities, also introduces potential vulnerabilities. For instance, the 22% prevalence of Partner APIs indicates a reliance on shared services or data, which, if not managed judiciously, can become vectors for security breaches.
The Challenge of API Sprawl
API sprawl, a phenomenon where the number of APIs grows uncontrollably, is a silent yet significant threat. A notable 48% of organisations identify preventing API sprawl as their top challenge. This proliferation is further amplified by the fact that 88% of organisations use more than 2500 cloud applications, each potentially introducing its own set of APIs. Such a vast landscape complicates security measures, making it challenging for organisations to maintain a comprehensive inventory and ensure each API’s security.
The Evidence: API-Related Breaches
The risks aren’t just theoretical. Over the past few years, we’ve witnessed a surge in API-related data breaches. Companies, both big and small, have fallen victim to vulnerabilities in their APIs. The fact that 74% of organisations experienced at least three API-related breaches in the past two years is a testament to the growing threat landscape.
The Road Ahead: Elevating API Security Awareness
As we navigate through Cybersecurity Awareness Month, it’s imperative to broaden the conversation. While general online safety practices are crucial, we must also shine a light on the often-overlooked realm of API security. The data underscores the urgency: 56% of organisations emphasise that the sheer volume of APIs makes it challenging to thwart attacks.
As we advocate for a safer digital world this October, let’s ensure that API security is at the forefront of our discussions. By elevating awareness, sharing insights, and fostering a culture of continuous learning, we can collectively pave the way for a more secure digital future.
Chief Security Officer, Traceable